Moore Foundation grants $2.4 Million to OSU’s ASAS-SN project

The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation is making a five-year, $2.4 Million grant to the OSU All-Sky Automated Search for Supernovae project, which is lead by OSU Astronomy Professors Krzysztof Stanek (principal project investigator) and Co-Pi’s Christopher Kochanek and Todd Thompson.

In May 2014, ASAS-SN began its first observations with two sets of four telescopes located in Hawaii and Chile, hosted by the Las Cumbres Observatory based in Santa Barbara, California.

The technology used at the two cites can cover about half the visible sky and can see things 25,000 times fainter than what the human eye can see. Night by night thousands of images are capture and compared to previously recorded images.

Ohio State graduate students have played important roles in project development. And in just two years ASAS-SN has become the international leader in discovery of bright supernovae.

Additional support for ASAS-SN comes from the National Science Foundation, CCAPP, Chinese Academy of Sciences South America Center for Astronomy, the Mt. Cuba Astronomical Foundation, George Skestos, the Robert Martin Ayers Sciences Fund, and Ohio State’s College of Arts and Sciences.

Initial seed funding for ASAS-SN was provided by Ohio State’s Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics (CCAPP).

OSU Finds Timing of Dosage Affects Side Effects

In a study published in the journal Scientific Reports, researchers from the Ohio State University’s Wexler Medical Center found that the time of day during which breast cancer chemotherapy drugs are given affect the amount of damaging inflammation that occurs within the body.

It is believed that inflammation that can happen in the brain due to these drugs is what causes a lot of the neurological side effects such as depression, anxiety and short-term memory loss. And researchers are hoping that through understanding why the timing of doses affects the level of inflammation they can reduce it and its damaging effects.

The results also showed an important complicating factor: The inflammatory effects were opposite in the brain versus the spleen depending on the time the drugs were given. While researchers don’t fully understand the either of these discoveries or their implications, this line of research could lead to discoveries that make side-effect heavy cancer treatments like chemo safer for patients.

OSU Getting In On Autonomous Vehicle Research

The OSU affiliated Transportation Research has been funded to the tune of $45 million to support research into driverless cars. The funding comes both from OSU and the state of Ohio. The announcement was made by President Drake and Governor Kasich.

Drake, in his speech, said People say we’re the rust belt. That’s offensive to me; I think we’re the knowledge belt.”

Kasich stated that “My goal was to move us off of being just a manufacturing town. Kasich said the investment fits a larger goal of modernizing the state’s economy and work force.

In addition to the university and state funding, the College of Engineering has committed $24 million over five years to hire faculty and staff to support research into autonomous vehicle technology.

The $45 million in new funding is part of an eventual $100 million improvement of the TRC in East Liberty, Ohio. The center is the nation’s largest independent test track.

The announcement follows several recent moves that highlight Ohio State’s leading role in advancing the future of transportation. Last year, Ohio State was named the lead research partner in the $140 million Smart City program.

Smart Cities partners the university, the City of Columbus and local organizations to transform Central Ohio into a premier transportation innovation region.

Observational Study at OSU Suggest Anti-inflammatory Diet to Increase Bone Health in Women

Women with the least-inflammatory diets (based on a scoring system called the Dietary Inflammatory Index) lost less bone density during the six-year follow-up period than their peers with the most-inflammatory diets. This was despite the fact that they started off with lower bone density overall.

Furthermore, diets with low inflammatory potential appeared to correspond to lower risk of hip fracture among one subgroup of the study – post-menopausal white women younger than 63.

Researchers examined data from the landmark Women’s Health Initiative to compare levels of inflammatory elements in the diet to bone mineral density and fractures and found new associations between food and bone health. The study, led by Tonya Orchard, an assistant professor of human nutrition at The Ohio State University, appears in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

The findings suggest that women’s bone health could benefit when they choose a diet higher in beneficial fats, plants and whole grains, said Orchard, who is part of Ohio State’s Food Innovation Center.

However, because the study was observational, it’s not possible to definitively link dietary patterns and bone health and fracture outcomes.

Jody Victor: OSU Researchers’ Improve High Temp Properties of “Super” Alloys

At the Ohio State University have made a discovery that could change jet engine technology making it more powerful, efficient and environmentally friendly. A problem with these so called super alloys is that microscopic defects grow inside the alloys and weakening them. The Ohio State researchers, in the journal Nature Communications, describe how a process in which they can tailor make an alloy for conditions like a jet engine would produce. Tailoring an alloy involves exposing it to high heat and pressure. This process not only prevents the forming of the micro defects, it also increases the strength of the alloy.

The engineers at OSU have called the process “phase transformation strengthening.” The process decreased alloy deformation by half in their study.

Strong, heat-resistant alloys enable turbine engines to run cleanly and efficiently. When an engine can run at very high temperatures, it consumes its fuel more thoroughly and produces lower emissions. Most modern alloys are designed at the atomic level and this research sought to fill a gap in knowledge of how exotic metal based materials deform under high stress.