New Study Further Explores Link Between Childhood Trauma and Substance Abuse

New research that suggests that while it is known that many parents and caregivers involved in the child welfare system experienced trauma as children, those who experience substance abuse issues as adults likely had very difficult childhoods compared to others.

The study concluded in analyzing childhood trauma experienced among adults with substance abuse issues that these participants were 24% more likely have experience trauma than other adults in the child welfare system, and 108% higher than those outside that demographic.

Unsurprisingly, children in families that have substance abuse issues suffered more trauma. Children 6-18 in families with substance abuse issues had trauma exposure scores 27% higher than those who involved in the juvenile justice system.

For the study trauma was defined to include separation, divorce, substance abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, mental illness and other issues.

Trauma could include emotional, physical and sexual abuse, neglect, mental illness, divorce and separation, substance misuse and other issues.

The study used data from two organizations, Ohio START and EPIC both of whom work with families that have issues with both mistreatment of children and substance abuse.

The study was published online in the “Journal of Interpersonal Violence.”

 

Posted in OSU

OSU Scientists Place High in Nikon Small World Photomicrography Contest

Nikon recently announced its winners for their Small World Photomicrography Competition 2021 and the work of Ohio State University scientists’ microscope images were among the top 20 winners.

With almost 1,900 images submitted from 88 countries were submitted to the competition, being in the top 20 was no small feat.

Andrea Tedeschi, asst. professor of neuroscience, placed sixth with his image. The image was an entire network of blood vessels through the brain of an adult mouse, specifically in the motor cortex. This part of the brain controls sensory and motor integration.

Associate directors of Ohio State’s Campus Microscopy and Imaging Facility, placed seventh for their entry of a tick’s head that provides an extra detailed view of the structure of the pest’s mouth. The detail is due to an advanced color scheme the entrants applied to the image.

 

OSU Students Run Covid-19 Pop-Up Testing Stations

Masters of Public Health students have made running pop-up Covid-19 testing stations their summer practicum and have continued the program into the fall semester.

One Columbus family who took advantage of one of the pop-up testing stations before taking their 7 year old son to a birthday party. It turned out the child was infected with Covid-19 so instead of risking the health of everyone else at the party the family took their son home and scheduled a virtual appointment with the child’s pediatrician.

One of the primary reasons for the pop-up testing stations is to break chains of infection like what might have happened if the child had attended the birthday party as scheduled. Students have been running the pop-up testing stations since July around central Ohio.

The OSU team of students has been supported by the Ohio National Guard and Columbus Public Health. They regularly set up testing sites in public places like parks, libraries, and community centers. They also try to work with public events to reach even more people.

The team continues to work, especially to help hard to reach parts of the population such as the homeless or those whose first language is not English. The student-run program stated that for many, despite the pandemic, healthcare is not a priority and that trying to reach these populations with free and accessible healthcare options was part of the programs goal.

 

New Study Suggests That Fact-Checking is an Effective Tool Against Misinformation

According to study conducted in four countries fact-checking does work to reduce false beliefs.

The study was conducted with few significant variations in Argentina, Nigeria, South Africa and the U.K. The Study also saw that the positive effects were still detectable two weeks after the study was completed.

OSU co-authors stated that there was little evidence of the “backfire effect” of fact-checking.

When the study on misinformation began five years ago researchers believed that correcting misinformation wasn’t only ineffective but that it aggravated the problem by further entrenching people in their misconceptions.

In the four countries the study was conducted in they study found no evidence of “backfire” but did find that fact checking was an extremely effective tool against misinformation.

The researchers worked with fact-checking organizations from each of the countries involved in the study. These organizations were part of the International Fact-Checking Network. This network promotes nonpartisan and transparent fact-checking.

They evaluated five fact-checks; five that were unique to the country of origin, two regarding Covid-19 and climate change. These were tested in all four countries. The topics included local politics, the economy, and crime.

The research was published by “Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.”

 

Posted in OSU

OSU Study Finds Believing Leisure is Wasteful Leads to Stress and Depression

According to a new study at OSU those who believe that leisure time is wasteful and unproductive may have less happiness and be at risk for higher levels of depression and stress.

Through a series of studies, the researchers looked at the effects of the common belief in our modern society that productivity is the ultimate goal, and that having fun is a waste of time.

Study authors found that people who strongly agreed with this belief reported poorer mental health outcomes and received less benefits from leisure activity. They stated that there is a large body of research suggesting just that—leisure has mental health benefits and make us more productive and feel less stress.

In the new data they found that the belief that leisure is wasteful is linked to being depressed and stressed. However, one unexpected outcome of the study was that leisure skeptics could enjoy fun activities if something beyond leisure itself was the end goal.

If leisure can be framed as ultimately being productive, leisure skeptics get some of the same benefits.

The “Journal of Experimental Social Psychology” published the results.

 

Posted in OSU