The myth that most great scientists are at their most creative when young is missing a larger perspective on the story. A new OSU study looks at the work of winners of Nobel Prizes in economics and finds, in their lives, two cycles of creativity. One particular type hitting earlier and the other often later.
The research found that for economics Nobel laureates the peaks tended to hit in their middle twenties and their middle fifties. This study is supported by previous evidence that found similar patterns in the arts and sciences.
Young economic laureates tended to be conceptual innovators. This kind of innovation usually challenges the conventional knowledge of the field and typically supports sudden blooms of new ideas. These innovators often peak earlier in their careers as they later become mired in accepted theory.
The other kind of creativity and these experimental innovators work a little differently—they accumulate knowledge through their careers and find new ways to analyze, synthesize, and interpret information into new ways of understanding. This kind of analysis requires time, thus the innovations occur later in the laureate’s career.
Pickerington, Ohio resident and OSU track star Nick Gray knew all about Jesse Owens from reading about his four gold medal Olympic achievements. Also, being an Ohio State student, Owen’s legacy is kind of hard to miss.
While of course Owens was a mere mortal like the rest of us, legend can become more—and this is what had Gray surprised when he learned he broke an 80-year school record owned by Jesse Owens in the 100 meters.
With a time of 10.17 at the Gamecock Invitational at the University of South Carolina Gray won a silver medal (in a race he says was a bit of a struggle) and placed himself among the achievements of legends like Jesse Owens.
The 100-meter is not actually Gray’s strength, it is the 200-meter dash. And during this same event he broke another record that had been standing for 26 years in that race.
Gray is an 8-time Big Ten champion. He is a 5-time track and field First Team All-American. And he has also won more than 37 races as a Buckeye.
In the military services where obesity is a challenge, dieticians and doctors are hopeful that a new study on ketogenic diet could prove useful in a military setting.
At the Ohio State University this study observed 29 people. Most of these participants being from the camps ROTC program. 15 of the participants followed a strict ketogenic diet for 3 months while their 14 peers continued to eat as they normally had.
These now popular ketogenic diets are low in carbohydrates and focus on a moderate consumption of protein while appropriate fats are eaten to ensure fullness. The namesake of the diet comes from the goal of the proportions eaten—a state of ketosis. In this state the body would burn fat and not carbs for energy. No pun intended keto is the flavor of the month. It is being study in relation to everything from diabetes management to use by endurance athletes.
Published in the “Military Medicine” journal, the study observed that the keto diet patients lost n impressive average of seventeen pounds and maintained ketosis for twelve weeks with support from study team members. The group lost about five percent body fat total, and forty-four percent of visceral (or belly) fat. They also demonstrated a forty-eight percent insulin sensitivity improvement.
The normal-diet group who were eating on average at least forty percent carbohydrates experienced none of the observed changes from the keto group.
While small, the study is promising and the first of its kind to look at keto and military participants. It features a variety of exciting results.
It has long been known by the scientific community that regular household dust will contain chemical remnants that can cause problems in the human endocrine system. A new study from OSU, however, indicates that the stuff we bring in from outdoors like micro bacteria and microorganisms can help break down the endocrine endangering leftovers.
Published in the well know journal Environmental Sciences, this fascinating new study is the first to that friendly microbes can break down the endocrine threatening chemical leftovers scientists call phthalates.
However as with many discoveries this isn’t the whole story. While the microbes can help rid us of phthalates, in too-humid environments that rapid breakdown of the chemicals and rapid growth of microbes and lead to molds and musty air.
Yet, the study is still helping scientists understand how these microbes could be useful in dealing with harmful chemical leftovers indoors. This is important because many of these chemicals come from common products like plastics and vinyl and many are even found in personal care products like shampoos.
Scientists are hoping that these seemingly friendly microbes might lead us to understanding how to cheap these nasty industrial leftovers of our homes, offices and bodies.
The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center’s Dept of Psychiatry and Behavioral Health is to be benefited by a new music festival.
WonderBus, the inaugural charity festival, will take place August seventeenth and eighteenth on the beautiful lawn of the American Chemical Society (CAS). CAS is donating use of their lawn which is across from the OSU campus and has formerly hosted the event Picnic with the Pops.
The line-up for the first year of WonderBus include Ben Harper, Innocent Criminals, X Ambassadors, Bishop Briggs and the Cincinnati-based Walk the Moon among more than a dozen other bands.
The Elevation Group organized the concert and are know for their efforts creating the similar LaureLive festival in Cleveland, OH. Festival organizers and CAS have committed to an donating an undisclosed share of the profits to the Wexner center to help fight depression.