OSU Researchers Look at New Way to Fight Infection

Researchers at the Ohio State University may have figured out a novel way to fight diseases including HIV or autoimmune disorders might involve an enzyme called SAMHD1 that works on the immune system–according to new research at OSU.

SAMHD1 is a neutral in terms of good or bad–but it seems blocking its activity could stop the progression of diseases of the immune system. The current research was completed on human and mouse immune cells and was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. SAMHD1 was first discovered in 2000 and has been known to been linked to such disorders of the immune system like HIV and cancer.

Figuring out how SAMHD1 affects an immune diseases progressing is the goal of the new research.The new research demonstrates that SAMHD1 interacts with several cellular proteins that regulate innate immune responses. Most importantly they have learned it can act as an inhibitor for harmful bodily responses to viral infection.

 

Could Good Grades Hurt Women Entering the Job Market?

According to new OSU research it turns out that for women new to the job market having gotten good grades in college could do more harm than good when entering the job market. It found that some employers might value a woman’s perceived likability over her intelligence.

Men with high GPAs were two times as likely to be called back by an employer as women with the same GPA and comparable experience and background new Buckeye sponsored study found.

This problem was even worse in some fields. Female math majors were called back at a rate of three times less than their comparable male peers.

A survey in the research found that in a pool of 261 employers they valued competence and commitment when it came to potential male employees. When it came to women they preferred who did “OK”, but did not excel academically.

 

OSU Announces Spring Commencement Speaker

OSU will welcome CEO of the Gates Foundation, Dr. Sue-Desmond-Hellman for as its Spring Commencement speaker. Over 11,000 students will walk across the stage at this ceremony scheduled Sunday, May 6 at the OSU stadium.

Desmond-Hellman has played many roles–scientist and philanthropist–but in all her roles she has dedicated herself to bettering human lives. As CEO of the Gate’s foundation, she is the leader of their vision of a world where all humans are given the opportunity to be healthy and productive people

Desmond-Hellmann strives to build an organization in which talented and committed people help others thrive, fight diseases that hit the less-fortunate, and empower people.

She was also doing good work before leading the Gates Foundation, she  was the first female chancellor of the University of California, San Francisco, the university in which she completed her clinical training there in the 1980s.

OSU Researches Study Our Ability To Recognize Emotions in Facial Expression

A fascinating new study by researchers at OSU has found that people can correctly identify another person’s feelings with 75% accuracy based only little changes in blood flow color around the nose, eyebrows, cheeks and chin.

The new research allowed scientists to construct computer programs that accurately recognize emotions using the same parameters of blood flow coloration with 90% accuracy. The newly documented research on the connection between the central nervous system and emotion expression in human faces was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Researchers see their work being used in the field of AI, hoping that it will allow machine learning programs to recognize and maybe even emulate human emotion–towards this end they are patenting their own algorithms. They have also found a way to commercialize the research through their spin-off company, Online Emotion.

 

Buckeyes Host Ohio’s Severe Weather Awareness Week

The Ohio State Meteorology Club sponsored the 22nd Annual Severe Weather Symposium last week. The symposium finds meteorologists from all across the country and from many specialties  to give presentations, but also to interact with students interested in the field.

Guest speakers included Cory Mottice, who is a forecaster for the National Weather Service office in Cleveland, Ohio. Another speaker, Jeff Logsdon, is a science and operations officer for the National Weather Service in Northern Indiana. They also invited WTVG Chief Meteorologist Jay Berschback.

While lots of topics were covered, the most discussed  were severe weather issues. These issue included the unusual outbreak of tornadoes in Ohio in 2017 as well as the impact of hurricanes Harvey and Irma.

Mr. Logsdon focused his discussion on two issues. First the very powerful tornado that crossed 39 miles from Indiana to Ohio. He also talked about the historic flooding that ravaged Indiana last year.