Stress and other factors may lead us towards our favorite comfort foods—many of which are high in saturated fat. According to a new study from the Ohio State University has found that single meal high in saturated fat can disrupt our ability to concentrate.
The study observed how 51 women performed on an attention test after having eaten either a meal that was high in saturated fat or the same meal made with sunflower oil, which is high in unsaturated fat.
Both meals were created from eggs, turkey sausage and gravy. Both meals contained 60 grams of fat. One was cooked with a high saturated fat oil or the sunflower oil. The meals both totaled 930 calories.
When they observed the poor performance of the saturated-fat eaters compared to the unsaturated-fat eaters the researchers new there was a correlation between saturated food and the brain.
This immediate loss of focus was a surprise to researchers as most research on diet has looked at long-term effects rather than short-term effects. They also noted that even though the one meal was made with sunflower oil, while low in saturated fat, still contained plenty of dietary fat.
Researchers believe, based on this evidence, if a similar experiment were done comparing those who ate the high saturated fat meal and a truly low fat meal the results could be an even more dramatic difference in attention ability.
Just as new health and diet fads can be unhealthy or even dangerous for humans, Ohio State’s College of Veterinary Medicine warns the same goes for our pets.
What one reads online or even in magazines about pet diets should be secondary to what our veterinarians recommend. If a pet owner is worried about their pet’s health and diet, they should consult their vet or a veterinary nutritionist.
Below the College of Veterinary Medicine lists some of these “hype” diets and why they probably aren’t a good choice for your pet.
While grain intolerance is a concern with some humans. They claim that food allergies, especially to grain is a very rare problem with pets. The FDA recently found in a study that dilated cardiomyopathy, a canine heart disease, was occurring in breeds who are not prone to it—they came to the conclusion that the cause was grain-free diets.
Another pet diet trend, usually for those who choose the diet for themselves, is vegetarian or vegan. According to the Ohio State vets, pets all need some meat in their diets because they are the best source for amino acids, vitamins and minerals.
Raw and prehistoric diets are another no-no for your pets. Ohio State vets warn that many raw diets are nutritionally deficient and put humans and pets at risk for infectious diseases.
The Ohio State vets final word on the subject was that pet owners should consult their vets before trying out “fad” diets on their pets.
In the military services where obesity is a challenge, dieticians and doctors are hopeful that a new study on ketogenic diet could prove useful in a military setting.
At the Ohio State University this study observed 29 people. Most of these participants being from the camps ROTC program. 15 of the participants followed a strict ketogenic diet for 3 months while their 14 peers continued to eat as they normally had.
These now popular ketogenic diets are low in carbohydrates and focus on a moderate consumption of protein while appropriate fats are eaten to ensure fullness. The namesake of the diet comes from the goal of the proportions eaten—a state of ketosis. In this state the body would burn fat and not carbs for energy. No pun intended keto is the flavor of the month. It is being study in relation to everything from diabetes management to use by endurance athletes.
Published in the “Military Medicine” journal, the study observed that the keto diet patients lost n impressive average of seventeen pounds and maintained ketosis for twelve weeks with support from study team members. The group lost about five percent body fat total, and forty-four percent of visceral (or belly) fat. They also demonstrated a forty-eight percent insulin sensitivity improvement.
The normal-diet group who were eating on average at least forty percent carbohydrates experienced none of the observed changes from the keto group.
While small, the study is promising and the first of its kind to look at keto and military participants. It features a variety of exciting results.
New study at OSU is suggesting that familial structure like regular bed and meal times and limited time on electronic devices may be linked to better emotional health in preschoolers and this may lower chances of obesity.
Researchers evaluated three household routines when children were 3 years old: regular bedtime, regular mealtime and whether or not parents limited television and video watching to an hour or less daily. Then they compared those to parents’ reports of two aspects of children’s self-regulation at that same age. Lastly, they investigated how the routines and self-regulation worked together to impact obesity at age 11, defined based on international criteria.
All three household routines were associated with better emotional self-regulation – a measure based on parents’ responses to questions such as how easily the child becomes frustrated or over-excited. Those children with greater emotional dysregulation were more likely to be obese later.
Women with the least-inflammatory diets (based on a scoring system called the Dietary Inflammatory Index) lost less bone density during the six-year follow-up period than their peers with the most-inflammatory diets. This was despite the fact that they started off with lower bone density overall.
Furthermore, diets with low inflammatory potential appeared to correspond to lower risk of hip fracture among one subgroup of the study – post-menopausal white women younger than 63.
Researchers examined data from the landmark Women’s Health Initiative to compare levels of inflammatory elements in the diet to bone mineral density and fractures and found new associations between food and bone health. The study, led by Tonya Orchard, an assistant professor of human nutrition at The Ohio State University, appears in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.
The findings suggest that women’s bone health could benefit when they choose a diet higher in beneficial fats, plants and whole grains, said Orchard, who is part of Ohio State’s Food Innovation Center.
However, because the study was observational, it’s not possible to definitively link dietary patterns and bone health and fracture outcomes.