Researchers Observe How Babies Learn About Music

Both researchers and lay people have long known that babies learn language by parroting the words they hear. However, a new study demonstrates that babies may also imitate singing they hear in songs.

In part of the study researchers analyzed audio recorded from 15 month old baby. The recording captured the child making sounds like the beginning of “Happy Birthday” a few hours after it heard the song played through a toy. The analysis showed that the baby was able to recreate the first six notes of the song, almost exactly. And in G major.

Researchers point out that in the first year of life children develop into very conscious music listeners. They are easily able to learn about the patterns and pitches and rhythms in the music they hear. However, researchers aren’t sure exactly how this happens.

The study is one of the first to follow an infant for a day and record its attempts at recreating music. And, at least in this one case, they found like when a baby mimics talking, this baby did the same for songs it heard.

This child wore a lightweight recording device and through a mixture of software that analyzed the data—the software is able to measure things like adult words a baby attempts to speak—and critical listening researchers were able to find patterns where it seemed the child was trying to mimic music happening around it.

 

First Ever WonderBus Festival to Benefit Depression Research at Wexner Center.

The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center’s Dept of Psychiatry and Behavioral Health is to be benefited by a new music festival.

WonderBus, the inaugural charity festival, will take place August seventeenth and eighteenth on the beautiful lawn of the American Chemical Society (CAS). CAS is donating use of their lawn which is across from the OSU campus and has formerly hosted the event Picnic with the Pops.

The line-up for the first year of WonderBus include Ben Harper, Innocent Criminals, X Ambassadors, Bishop Briggs and the Cincinnati-based Walk the Moon among more than a dozen other bands.

The Elevation Group organized the concert and are know for their efforts creating the similar LaureLive festival in Cleveland, OH. Festival organizers and CAS have committed to an donating an undisclosed share of the profits to the Wexner center to help fight depression.

Jody Victor: How Streaming Music Has Changed Our Listening Habits

Music Theory doctoral student, Hubert Léveillé Gauvin, has found a possible link between changing trends in music, streaming services and listener attention spans. His study found that in the mid-1980’s song intros tended to be about 20 seconds long and have dropped to only about 5 seconds long.

Spending a few months analyzing modern songs he noted not only the shift to shorter introductions, but a marked increase in tempo. Vocals also mentioned the words in the title much sooner along with song titles being shortened dramatically, often to single words.

This evolution is likely driven by what Léveillé Gauvin calls the “attention economy” of modern-day pop. And that means that artists get to the musical point more quickly in the interest of grabbing a fickle listening audience, many of whom tune in on Spotify, Pandora and other skippable services.

Léveillé Gauvin measured the tempo of 303 top-10 singles and found a clear trend toward faster-paced pop music in the last three decades. The average tempo increased roughly 8 percent. He compared the number of words in song titles and found more and more “one-word wonders” as the years passed.

When he analyzed how long it took for the lyrics to start, Léveillé Gauvin found that intros lasting an average of more than 20 seconds in the mid-80s have given way to intros that average 5 seconds today. And once the lyrics started, it took less time (by about 18 percent) for the first “hook,” which he defined as the song’s title.

There was a 78 percent drop in the length of instrumental introductions. While that drop is dramatic, it makes sense, the researcher notes. The voice is one of the most attention-grabbing things there is in music.

The doctoral student noted that musical trends have often been shaped by technology. The “skipability” of songs has changed dramatically has the medium has allowed: from vinyl to cassette, from cassette to CD, from CD to streaming.

Marching, Music, Travel

Next fall, the Ohio State University Marching Band will take is incredible field performance all the way to London. They NFL have invited them to play a pregame show for Buffalo Bills/Jacksonville Jaguars series of games that will be part of the National Football Leagues “NFL International Series.

The Ohio State University Marching Band has regularly played for Ohio’s NFL teams and has been invited to international sporting events in the past; however, this is the first time scheduling allowed international travel to be an option. The performance is a first for the NFL International Series, as well.

Using technology to enhance not only performances, but rehearsals has become a hallmark of “The Best Damn Band in the Land”. One such innovation includes learning drills on iPads, while other innovations include floating formations, measure-step marching and script writing—which originated with the famous Script Ohio formation.

Everyone in the band is ecstatic and thrilled about the opportunity to travel to London, said head drum major Nathan MacMaster, a graduate student from Reynoldsburg, Ohio.

Ohio State’s marching band is one of a few collegiate all brass and percussion bands in the United States, and with 225 members, is commonly acknowledged as the largest of its type in the world.

The NFL will cover all of the band’s travel costs for the London trip.