Hawaiian Coral Shockingly Resilient to Climate Change, According to Study

A long-term study of Hawaiian coral species has just been analyzed by researchers and they now have unexpectedly optimistic opinion on the survival chances of coral colonies in more acidic and warmer waters due to climate change.

Though researchers did want to be clear amidst their celebration of the analysis that three coral species did suffer significant mortality under the simulated future conditions. Some of the specifies experienced a 50% death rate.

However, the fact remains that none of them died off completely and some were even thriving by study’s end. Researchers believe this new evidence suggests a strong hope for the future of coral reefs in warmer more acidic environment.

Researchers were overjoyed with the positive outcomes in their which they stated is a pretty rare occurrence when it comes to studying coral mortality in warming oceans.

And there is more good news. Not only are the findings more optimistic than usual, but they are also probably more realistic according to scientists. This study lasted 22 months while the average coral study length is as short as days up to five months.

Researchers stated that some aspects of coral biology take a long time to change. Often coral will have a negative initial reaction to stressors but will bounce back if given time. A short-term study only sees part of the arch of major environmental change and its affect on coral.

 

OSU Study Identifies Different Types of Rural Communities in Ohio

In both everyday conversation, political and social discourse we tend to speak about “rural America” as if it identifies a single way of life throughout all rural communities in our country. A new study, however, has defined five different types of rural communities the exist just in Ohio.

While the list certainly includes traditional farming areas that whose imagery reflects the stereotypes of “rural communities,” the research suggests communities of the rural poor and booming small towns attracting, young affluent adults from nearby cities.

Out of the five types of rural communities, three types were found near the outskirts of major metropolitan areas. The study found that the lines between urban and rural areas is becoming increasingly blurred and can be very dynamic.

The study found that rural areas attract very different kinds of people who are making their homes in these areas for a variety of reasons. Recognizing these differences could help experts better understand and help these communities.

While the study was done only in Ohio, the researchers believe most states have a variety of types of rural communities and that they could differ, even greatly, from what was found in Ohio.

The research was published in the Journal of Land Use Science.

 

The Consequences of Skipping Breakfast

In a new study authors found that adults who skip breakfast are likely to miss out on important nutrients that are mostly found in breakfast foods.

The analysis looked at thirty-thousand Americans and found that skipping breakfast means they miss out on calcium, vitamin C, fiber and the vitamins and minerals found in fortified cereals. And that they are likely to be low on those for the entire day because of this skipped meal.

The US Department of Agriculture’s dietary guidelines now state that a lack of calcium, potassium, fiber and vitamin D are a “public health concern” for the general population of the US. Shortages of these nutrients are linked to health problems.

Most of the missed-breakfast research has been on the performance of school children in which missed breakfast can cause behavioral problems and difficulty focusing.

Most research related to breakfast has focused on the effects of the missed morning meal on children in school, which includes difficulty focusing and behavioral problems.

However, for adults, the problem with missed breakfast may be longer-term health concerns from lack of nutrients most present in breakfast foods.

Meta-Analysis Finds Correlation Between Narcissism and Aggression

In a recent study, researchers did a meta-analysis of 437 other studies on narcissism and aggression. The meta-analysis looked at data from over 123,000 participants and found that narcissism is related to a 21% increase in aggressive behavior and an 18% increase in violent behavior.

Narcissism, simply defined is “entitled self-importance.”

Researchers stated that those who are highly narcissistic are especially aggressive when provoked but also aggressive otherwise. Participants with high levels of narcissism also demonstrated high levels of physical and verbal aggression, spreading gossip, bullying and even displacing aggression against innocents or strangers. They were seen to attack both in a hotblooded and coldblooded manner. Narcissism correlated with aggression in both males and females and in both Western and Eastern countries.

Researchers stated that people who think they are superior to others seem to have fewer qualms about attacking those they view as inferior. Research demonstrates that everyone is a little narcissistic but there are those with a much higher level of narcissism and that relates to their level of aggression. They also tend to be bad relationship partners, discriminate against others and are low in empathy.

Other studies have looked at a rise in narcissism. Some experts believe social media may be a factor. One study saw that people who posted a large number of selfies increased narcissistic traits by 25% in just four months. Another study found 85% of people are taking far more pictures of themselves than every before.

 

How Our Minds Warp Our Perception of Time on Vacation

We’ve all heard the colloquialism “time flies when you are having fun,” but a new study has found that anticipation of a fun event also makes it feel like it is over too soon.

The researchers found that people view future positive events as both further away and shorter in duration when compared to negative or neutral events.

The study authors stated that these two elements have an unusual effect when people think about a positive event like a vacation. The interminable waiting compiled with the feeling that the event will be done too quickly makes them view the beginning and the end of the event as similarly far from the present.

Simply stated, in our minds the vacation has no duration, it is over instantaneously. Another affect this all has on the mind is it makes the mind believe the endpoints of positive and negative events are both distant from the present. Anticipating a negative event, like a work trip we don’t want to go on, reserves the effect, people feel like the negative event will happen immediately and last forever.

The Journal of Consumer Psychology will publish the paper online.